Whenever you intend to travel to a destination far away, in or outside Europe, you must have pre-trip medical advice or a traveler’s GP consultation, which must be done in advance (4 to 6 weeks before departure). If you travel with your family, especially with children and the elderly, please pay attention to the special care they need.
The traveler’s health consultations are preferably carried out by medical specialists in infectious diseases, tropical medicine, public health, but may be performed by any physician in the exercise of his / her competencies, as a general practitioner, or in specific cases will be referred to a specialist.
Your general practice is a good start when looking to advice and preventive measures to adopt before, during and after your trip. These measures will depend on the destination, age, traveler’s state of health, length of time remaining for the commencement of travel and type of travel, and include individual protection measures, vaccination, preventive malaria medication, individual hygiene information, care for water and food eaten, what to do in case of uncomplicated diarrhea, how to protect yourself from insect bites, how to adapt to the new environment, and other things to watch for when traveling.
Your GP will evaluate the health conditions of the traveler before the trip, namely pregnant women, children, the elderly, individuals with chronic diseases under medication, among others. According to the health conditions and destination, it may be necessary to to administer vaccines, including against yellow fever, and pass the respective International Certificate of Vaccination and Prophylaxis.
You can also be given information about medical care and security in the country of destination and advice on the pharmacy that the traveler should take with him.
Your Dublin GP will also be available to provide medical care upon return, to diagnose health problems that may be incurred during the journey, and to periodically check individuals who spend extended periods in countries or regions where the risk of disease is high.
Vaccines, according to the current International Health Regulations, stipulate that the only vaccine that travelers may be required to cross borders is the yellow fever vaccine. All International Vaccination Centers must administer the vaccine against yellow fever and issue the respective International Certificate of Vaccination and Prophylaxis to the users who travel to them, as long as they are holders of a medical prescription.
Some countries do not authorize entry into their territory without proof of vaccination against other diseases. This is what happens with the vaccine against meningococcal disease, imposed by Saudi Arabia on pilgrims to Mecca. Some countries including Saudi Arabia require a polio vaccine from a country where the disease / virus is endemic.
Depending on where you want to travel, vaccines can differentiate. It is precisely to advise and inform you that there are traveler’s health consultations. The most frequently indicated vaccines, depending on fate, are those that protect against the following diseases: cholera, diphtheria, Japanese encephalitis, hepatitis A, hepatitis B, influenza, rabies, tetanus and typhoid fever.